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基礎データ
No. 00287-0000
分類 写経 
Category shakyo (sutra)
作品名
作品名 紺紙金字観普賢経(平基親願経)  
よみがな こんしきんじかんふげんきょう(たいらのもとちかがんきょう) 
Title Sutra of Meditation on the Bodhisattva of Universal Virtue  
作者・筆者
作者筆者名 平基親 
よみがな たいらのもとちか 
Artist Taira no Motochika 
作者生没年 (Birth and Death) ? - 1212
賛 者
賛者名  
よみがな  
Caption Writer  
賛者生没年 (Birth and Death) -
出 典・時 代
出 典  
Authority  
時代 平安 -  
世紀 (Century) 12 th- th
仕様
員 数 1巻  Quantity 1 Handscroll 
材 質   Material  
縦 (length) 26.0  横 (Width) 792.0 
高 (Height) 径 (Diameter)
銘・伝来
 
伝 来  
備 考 紺紙金泥 白包裂 紙帖
画 像
画像表示(Picture)
釈 文
釈文
(省略)
Translation
(omission)
解説
解説文   もとは、『法華経』8巻と開結(『無量義経』・『観普賢経』)を合わせた10巻を一組として書写供養したもの。いま四散して東京国立博物館やMOA美術館、フリア美術館(米国・ワシントン)に一巻ずつ所蔵される。ほかのすべては経師の書写であるが、この「観普賢経」の1巻は、平基親(たいらのもとちか・従三位・兵部卿)の自筆である。奥書により、治承4年〈1180〉7月28日に書写した次第を明らかにする。基親は、晩年法然上人に帰依、浄土信仰に篤い祈りをささげた。大相国入道平清盛が後白河法皇の政道に不満を抱き、歴史上「治承のクーデター」として院の近臣の39名を解官した。この平基親もその一人。官位を離れた基親が無聊の起居日々の中に、その心の懊悩を信仰に求めて、丹誠の筆を執ったもの。『観普賢経』の巻末に記す奥書に「白衣弟子(びゃくえのでし)平基親」と記すのは、解官者たるかれが無官のゆえに、官位や前官などの表記を避けている。白衣弟子とは、浄衣を着装して写経に精進した俗体の人、との意をこめる。   この十巻の見返し絵は、法華経十種供養にちなんで十種の具足を伝供する童舞の少年2人を描き、第一から第十種の供養のさまを表わす。本巻はその第十「合掌」をかたどり、極彩色で、美しい天衣をまとう二菩薩(観音・勢至)の合掌姿を描く。写経とともに平安朝絵画史における貴重な遺品である。
Explanation   The exhibited handscroll was originally part of a ten-scroll transcription including the eight volumes of the Lotus Sutra, the opening sutra (Sutra of Innumerable Meanings) and the closing sutra (Sutra of Meditation on the Bodhisattva of Universal Virtue; Jp. Kanfugen-Kyo). The set has dissipated, and currently, one handscroll each is preserved at the Tokyo National Museum, the MOA Museum of Art (Atami), and the Freer Gallery of Art (Washington DC, United States). All the other scrolls in the original full set were copied by professional sutra artists, but the exhibited copy was genuinely rendered by Taira-no-Motochika, the Minister of Military Affairs), who held the high title of Junior Third Rank.   From the postscript, one can learn the details that led to the completion of this text on July 28, 1180, namely that Motochika had developed a deep faith in Jodo (Pure Land) Sect Buddhism in his latter years. Sometime earlier, Taira-no-Kiyomori, the powerful leader of the Taira Clan (also “Heike”, meaning Taira Family), initiated a coup d’etat by decommissioning 39 high-ranking officers in the government led by Retired Emperor GoShirakawa, an incident known as the “Jisho Era Coup d’Etat”.   Motochika was among those 39 fired officers. Deprived of aristocratic title and administrative post, he was forced to idle away his life, and in his remorse and boredom, he was attracted to religion and, ultimately, the practice of sutra copying. In the postscript of the Kanfugen-Kyo Sutra (Sutra of Meditation on the Bodhisattva of Universal Virtue), Motochika signed his name “Taira-no-Motochika, the disciple in pure white attire”. Naturally, he could no longer attach his former title of rank to his name. He therefore used the “disciple in pure white attire”, meaning a non-titled layperson clothed in white and cleansed of soul.   The picture on the flyleaf of this tenth volume of the full manuscript depicts two boys enacting the ten forms of dedication. The two Bodhisattva figures, namely Kannon, the Goddess of Mercy, and Seishi (Sk. Mahasthamaprapta), are clothed in beautiful heavenly robes of brilliant colors. Transcending the ages since the ancient Heian Dynasty, this picture is as valuable a legacy as the sutra itself.